Cities are full of writing – graffiti, billboards, road signs. This writing has been written by people to communicate with others. In addition to the message of the text itself, these pieces of writing also communicate a second layer of meaning by virtue of their location and setting. The interactions between these layers of meaning may reinforce each other, contradict each other or influence each other in other ways to create deeper layers of meaning or unravel the layers that make them up. This set of photographs explores these interactions in the city of Los Angeles.